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2017 Apr 100-105 free practice test

Q11. - (Topic 3) 

After the network has converged, what type of messaging, if any, occurs between R3 and R4? 

A. No messages are exchanged 

B. Hellos are sent every 10 seconds. 

C. The full database from each router is sent every 30 seconds. 

D. The routing table from each router is sent every 60 seconds. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

HELLO messages are used to maintain adjacent neighbors so even when the network is converged, hellos are still exchanged. On broadcast and point-to-point links, the default is 10 seconds, on NBMA the default is 30 seconds. Although OSPF is a link-state protocol the full database from each router is sent every 30 minutes (not seconds) therefore, C and D are not correct. 


Q12. - (Topic 5) 

Refer to the exhibit. 

An administrator cannot connect from R1 to R2. To troubleshoot this problem, the administrator has entered the command shown in the exhibit. Based on the output shown, what could be the problem? 

A. The serial interface is configured for half duplex. 

B. The serial interface does not have a cable attached. 

C. The serial interface has the wrong type of cable attached. 

D. The serial interface is configured for the wrong frame size. 

E. The serial interface has a full buffer. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

http://www.thebryantadvantage.com/CCNACertificationExamTutorialDirectlyConnectedSeri 

alInterfaces.htm 

Since the output is not forthcoming it shows that the type of cable attached is wrong, 

though the cable is connected since it shows the cable type. 

According to the figure DTE cable should connect to R1 on interface but while examining 

using show controllers serial 0/0 command it showing that a DCE is connected so the 

wrong type of cable is being used. 


Q13. - (Topic 4) 

What happens when computers on a private network attempt to connect to the Internet through a Cisco router running PAT? 

A. The router uses the same IP address but a different TCP source port number for each connection. 

B. An IP address is assigned based on the priority of the computer requesting the connection. 

C. The router selects an address from a pool of one-to-one address mappings held in the lookup table. 

D. The router assigns a unique IP address from a pool of legally registered addresses for the duration of the connection. 

Answer:

Reference: 

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/security/asa/asa82/configuration/guide/nat_staticpat.html 

Static PAT translations allow a specific UDP or TCP port on a global address to be translated to a specific port on a local address. That is, both the address and the port numbers are translated. 

Static PAT is the same as static NAT, except that it enables you to specify the protocol (TCP or UDP) and port for the real and mapped addresses. Static PAT enables you to identify the same mapped address across many different static statements, provided that the port is different for each statement. You cannot use the same mapped address for multiple static NAT statements. 

Port Address Translation makes the PC connect to the Internet but using different TCP source port. 


Q14. - (Topic 1) 

Which statements are true regarding ICMP packets? (Choose two.) 

A. They acknowledge receipt of TCP segments. 

B. They guarantee datagram delivery. 

C. TRACERT uses ICMP packets. 

D. They are encapsulated within IP datagrams. 

E. They are encapsulated within UDP datagrams. 

Answer: C,D 

Explanation: 

Ping may be used to find out whether the local machines are connected to the network or whether a remote site is reachable. This tool is a common network tool for determining the network connectivity, which uses ICMP protocol instead of TCP/IP and UDP/IP. This protocol is usually associated with the network management tools, which provide network information to network administrators, such as ping and traceroute (the later also uses the UDP/IP protocol). ICMP is quite different from the TCP/IP and UDP/IP protocols. No source and destination ports are included in its packets. Therefore, usual packet-filtering rules for TCP/IP and UDP/IP are not applicable. Fortunately, a special "signature" known as the packet’s Message type is included for denoting the purposes of the ICMP packet. Most commonly used message types are namely, 0, 3, 4, 5, 8, 11, and 12 which represent echo reply, destination unreachable, source quench, redirect, echo request, time exceeded, and parameter problem respectively. In the ping service, after receiving the ICMP "echo request" packet from the source location, the destination 


Q15. - (Topic 1) 

Refer to the exhibit. 

HostX is transferring a file to the FTP server. Point A represents the frame as it goes toward the Toronto router. What will the Layer 2 destination address be at this point? 

A. abcd.1123.0045 

B. 192.168.7.17 

C. aabb.5555.2222 

D. 192.168.1.1 

E. abcd.2246.0035 

Answer:

Explanation: 

For packets destined to a host on another IP network, the destination MAC address will be the LAN interface of the router. Since the FTP server lies on a different network, the host will know to send the frame to its default gateway, which is Toronto. 


Up to the minute 100-105 download:

Q16. - (Topic 3) 

What information can be used by a router running a link-state protocol to build and maintain its topological database? (Choose two.) 

A. hello packets 

B. SAP messages sent by other routers 

C. LSAs from other routers 

D. beacons received on point-to-point links 

E. routing tables received from other link-state routers 

F. TTL packets from designated routers 

Answer: A,C 

Explanation: 

Reference 1: http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?p=24090&seqNum=4 

Link state protocols, sometimes called shortest path first or distributed database protocols, are built around a well-known algorithm from graph theory, E. W. Dijkstra'a shortest path algorithm. Examples of link state routing protocols are: Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) for IP The ISO's Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS) for CLNS and IP DEC's DNA Phase V Novell's NetWare Link Services Protocol (NLSP) Although link state protocols are rightly considered more complex than distance vector protocols, the basic functionality is not complex at all: 

1.

 Each router establishes a relationship—an adjacency—with each of its neighbors. 

2.

 Each router sends link state advertisements (LSAs), some 

3.

 Each router stores a copy of all the LSAs it has seen in a database. If all works well, the databases in all routers should be identical. 

4.

 The completed topological database, also called the link state database, describes a graph of the internetwork. Using the Dijkstra algorithm, each router calculates the shortest path to each network and enters this information into the route table. OSPF Tutorial 


Q17. - (Topic 3) 

Refer to the exhibit. 

Which two statements are true about the loopback address that is configured on RouterB? (Choose two.) 

A. It ensures that data will be forwarded by RouterB. 

B. It provides stability for the OSPF process on RouterB. 

C. It specifies that the router ID for RouterB should be 10.0.0.1. 

D. It decreases the metric for routes that are advertised from RouterB. 

E. It indicates that RouterB should be elected the DR for the LAN. 

Answer: B,C 

Explanation: 

A loopback interface never comes down even if the link is broken so it provides stability for the OSPF process (for example we use that loopback interface as the router-id) -The router-ID is chosen in the order below: 

+

 The highest IP address assigned to a loopback (logical) interface. 

+

 If a loopback interface is not defined, the highest IP address of all active router’s physical interfaces will be chosen. -> The loopback interface will be chosen as the router ID of RouterB -


Q18. - (Topic 3) 

What command sequence will configure a router to run OSPF and add network 10.1.1.0 /24 to area 0? 

A. router ospf area 0 network 10.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 area 0 

B. router ospf network 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 

C. router ospf 1 network 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 

D. router ospf area 0 network 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 

E. router ospf network 10.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 area 0 F. router ospf 1 network 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 

Answer:

Explanation: 

Enabling OSPFSUMMARY STEPS 

1. 

enable 

2. 

configure terminal 

3. 

router ospf process-id 

4. 

network ip-address wildcard-mask area area-id 

5. 

end 

DETAILED STEPS 

Command or Action Purpose Step.1 enable 

Example: 

Device> enable Enables privileged EXEC mode. . Enter your password if prompted. 

Step.2 configure terminal 

Example: 

Device# configure terminal Enters global configuration mode. 

Step.3 router ospf process-id 

Example: 

Device(config)# router ospf 109 

Enables OSPF routing and enters router configuration mode. 

Step.4 network ip-address wildcard-mask area area-id 

Example: 

Device(config-router)# network 192.168.129.16 0.0.0.3 area 0 

Defines an interface on which OSPF runs and defines the area ID for that interface. 

Step.5 end 

Example: 

Device(config-router)# end 

Exits router configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/iproute_ospf/configuration/12-4t/iro-12-4t-book/iro-cfg.html#GUID-588D1301-F63C-4DAC-BF1C-C3735EB13673 


Q19. - (Topic 7) 

Which route source code represents the routing protocol with a default administrative distance of 90 in the routing table? 

A. S 

B. E 

C. D 

D. R 

E. O 

Answer:

Explanation: 

SStatic EEGP DEIGRP RRIP OOSPF 

Default Administrative distance of EIGRP protocol is 90 then answer is C 

Default Distance Value TableThis table lists the administrative distance default values of the protocols that Cisco supports: 

Route Source Default Distance Values 

Connected interface 0 Static route 1 Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) summary route 5 External Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) 20 Internal EIGRP 90 IGRP 100 OSPF 110 Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS) 115 Routing Information Protocol (RIP) 120 Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP) 140 On Demand Routing (ODR) 160 External EIGRP 170 Internal BGP 200 Unknown* 255 


Q20. - (Topic 5) 

Refer to the exhibit. 

For security reasons, information about RTA, including platform and IP addresses, should not be accessible from the Internet. This information should, however, be accessible to devices on the internal networks of RTA. 

Which command or series of commands will accomplish these objectives? 

A. RTA(config)#no cdp run 

B. RTA(config)#no cdp enable 

C. RTA(config)#interface s0/0 RTA(config-if)#no cdp run 

D. RTA(config)#interface s0/0 RTA(config-if)#no cdp enable 

Answer:

Explanation: 

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk962/technologies_tech_note09186a00801aa000.shtml# topicenab 

When CDP is enabled globally using the cdp run command, it is enabled by default on all supported interfaces (except for Frame Relay multipoint subinterfaces) to send and receive CDP information. You can disable CDP on an interface that supports CDP with the no cdp enable command. 

Router#show cdp neighbors 

Capability Codes: R - Router, T - Trans Bridge, B - Source Route Bridge S - Switch, H - Host, I - IGMP, r – Repeater 

Router# On this router, CDP is enabled on Serial 1 and Ethernet 0 interfaces. Disable CDP on the Serial 1 interface and verify if the neighbor device is discovered on the serial 1 interface, as this output shows: Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Router(config)#interface s1 Router(config-if)#no cdp enable Router(config-if)# Z Router#4w5D. %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console